he Draft National Education Policy, 2019 is out in the public domain. Drawing inputs from the T.S.R. Subramanian Committee report and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the K. Kasturirangan Committee has produced the policy document.
Salient features of NEP 2019:The policy aims to universalize the pre-primary education by 2025 and provide foundational literacy/numeracy for all by 2025
It proposes new Curricular and Pedagogical Structure, with 5+3+3+4 design covering the children in the age group 3-18 years. Under this, Pre-Primary & Grades 1-2 is considered as foundational Stage; Grades 3-5 as Preparatory Stage; Grades 6-8 as Middle Stage and Grades 9-12 as Secondary Stage. This is an academic restructuring only; there will be no physical restructuring of schools
Universal Access & Retention with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio for all school education by 2030.
Children learn languages, most quickly between 2-8 years, and multilingualism has great cognitive benefits for students. Therefore a three-language formula has been proposed
It proposes the teaching of other classical languages and literature, including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Pali, Persian, and Prakrit in schools
A new independent State School Regulatory Authority (SSRA) to be created
It aims to consolidate 800 universities & 40,000 colleges into around 15,000 large, multidisciplinary institutions
The policy proposes three types of Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs): Research Universities, Teaching Universities and Autonomous degree-granting colleges
It aims to provide autonomy to all higher education institutions. Higher education institutions to be governed by Independent Boards with complete academic and administrative autonomy
An autonomous body called the National Research Foundation (NRF) to be set up through an Act of Parliament
Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or the National Education Commission - apex body - to be constituted. It will be chaired by the Prime Minister and will comprise eminent educationists, researchers, Union Ministers, representation of Chief Ministers of States, eminent professionals from various fields
MHRD to be re-designated as the Ministry of Education (MoE)
Increase in public investment by the Central and State Governments to 20% of overall public expenditure over a 10 year period